• Ground shot of the Monument to Three Charters for National Reunification Aka The Arch of Reunification, Pyongyang, capital of North Korea

Monument to Three Charters for National Reunification

Aka The Arch of Reunification

조국통일3대헌장기념탑

Officially called the Monument to Three Charters for National Reunification, the Arch of Reunification is a 30 metre tall concrete mammoth of a structure built across the Reunification Highway that may one day connect Pyongyang and Seoul.

Introduction

The idea of reunification is extremely important to Koreans in the DPRK. It is not something we just see in school maps, posters and mosaic walls that show the entire nation as one united Korean peninsula, but it is something you can genuinely feel when speaking to North Koreans. Whether chatting to people on the train, your guides, hotel staff or even North Koreans abroad, you can tell that reunification is a very important issue and, for them, it is a matter of when it will happen, not if it will happen.

mosaic wall at the Songdowon Summer Camp in Wonsan, North Korea, showing a world map and a unified Korea

Image of Korea, highlighted in red, at the Songdowon Summer Camp in Wonsan. Notice the whole Korean peninsula shown as one country.

Location

As we head south to Kaesong and the DMZ we will drive under the Arch of Reunification. It is located in the outskirts of Pyongyang, at the entrance of Tongil Highway that goes from Pyongyang 168 km south to Kaesong and, in theory, one day from there to Seoul. Tongil means reunification in Korean.

picture of the arch of reunification in Pyongyang, North Korea, taken from the middle of the tongil highway ie the reunification highway by a KTG traveller

Oncoming traffic - although there are hardly any vehicles on this major highway, always keep your head up if taking a picture there.

Features

The monument consists of two identical ladies in North and South Korea, dressed in traditional Korean dresses holding a bronze emblem of a unified Korean peninsula. Why are they identical? To stress that the Korean people are one united people. In fact, you may get asked by your guide to guess which lady represents the north and which represents the south and the answer that there is no answer!

granite monument of two Korean ladies dressed in traditrional Korean dresses holding the banner of the Three Charters for the Reunification of Korea. The Arch of Reunification is located in the outskirts of Pyongyang capital of North Korea, DPRK. Trip arranged by KTG Tours

The base of the monument is decorated with bronze images of people longing for the reunification of Korea, and inside the base there are plaques and engraved stones with messages for peace and reunification sent by individuals and organisations from South Korea and abroad.

What's it like to be there?

arch of reunification, DPRK 360°

Check our 360° image we took of the Arch of Reunification on our way back to Pyongyang from the DMZ!

The image will open in a new tab. You can then move around it in any direction!

History

The Monument to Three Charters for National Reunification was built in August 2001, just a year after the first inter-Korean summit, when DPRK Leader Kim Jong Il and South Korean President Kim Dae Jung met in Pyongyang.

The Arch of Reunification symbolises the Korean people’s desire to reunify the Korean peninsula under the banner of the three charters for national reunification set by President Kim Il Sung.

What does the Three Charters of National Reunification consist of?

It consists of the following points:

  • The Three Principles of National Reunification
  • The Plan of Establishing the Federal Republic of Koryo
  • The Ten Point Program of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation

If travellers are interested, our guides will explain the Three Charters of National Reunification as we drive on the Reunification highway down to the DMZ. Please read our post on the Reunification of Korea for detailed information regarding the Three Charters of National Reunification.

How to go

We usually make a stop at the Arch of Reunification either on our way to Kaesong and the DMZ or on our way back to Pyongyang. Given the low traffic volume here, we are able to take pictures from the highway itself!

KTG traveller taking a photo of the arch of reunification in Pyongyang, North Korea, DPRK. The Monument to Three Charters for National Reunification symbolises the reunification of Korea and was built in 2001.

In any case, please always keep an eye out for any trucks, buses or cars!

Related pages:

  • Kaesong North Korea | KTG® Tours' Ultimate Travel Guide

    Kaesong North Korea Travel Guide | KTG® Tours | Ancient Treasures, Dog Meat Soup and the Cold War... located 8 km north from the DMZ (Pamunjom) in North Korea. Our North Korea tours include stopping at this historical city, capital of Koryo; the first unified state on the Korean peninsula

  • Panmunjom | KTG® Tours | DMZ Tours in North Korea

    Panmunjom | KTG® Tours | Is it really the scariest place on Earth? Visit the DMZ from the North Korean side. Interested in seeing what the DPRK version of the Korean War is? See where the Korean War armistice was signed at the world's most militarised border and step into South Korea

  • North Korea History - Information on the DPRK & North Korea Tours

    North Korea History - information on the history of north korea. North Korea Travel provides budget north korea tours & north korea information which will be handy when traveling to the DPRK.

Please click on our North Korea Travel Guide for a list of more places that can be visited in the DPRK other than the Arch of Reunification.

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