Koryo (Goryeo) was established in 918 and in the year 936 became the ruling Kingdom on the Korean Peninsula. It was founded by Taejo Wang Kon. Its capital was moved to Kaesong just 8 km north of the demarcation zone that currently divides the Korean peninsula.
Buddhism expanded around the peninsula and significant technological achievements were made, such as the world's first metallic paintings. In the 13th century the Mongols expanded all the way to Korea, and managed to achieve concessions from Goryeo after 30 years of resistance. The Mongols allied with Goryeo troops to invade Japan, which ultimately was not possible given strong military resistance and heavy storms.
At the end of the 14th century a coup d'etat led to to the end of the kingdom and the establishment of a new dynasty.