Geography of North Korea
In our section "Geography of North Korea" we provide the following geographical information about the DPRK:
Total Area: 122, 762 km² (Official DPRK figures include South Korea, the total official area being 222,209 KM²)
Bordering countries and distance in km:
China (North) ¨C 1416
Russia (North) - 19
South Korea (South) - 238
Topography: mountains account for about 80% of the total area. Several mountain ranges go from Mt Paektu all the way to the southern point of the peninsula.
Average elevation: 440 metres above sea level.Highest point ¨C Mt. Paektu (2750 metres above sea-level).
Climate: temperate with 4 different seasons, summers being having the heaviest rainfall.
Average rainfall: 1,120 mm
Average annual temperature: 8-12 °C
Coastline: sea erosion is strong on the west coast leading to many bays, overheads, peninsulas and islands.
Rivers: most known rivers are River Taedong (439 km, flows through Pyongyang), Tuman (521 km), Chochong (217 km ending at the Yellow River) and Amnok (the longest with 803 km).
Lagoons and lakes: several are created by volcanic activity the most known being Lake Chon on Mt. Paektu, Samji, Tongjong and Kwangpo Lakes.
Natural hot springs are located in coastal areas whereas spas are found inland.
Mineral resources: lead, zinc, gold, silver, copper, coal, large magnesite and graphite deposits.
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